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Speaker: Chief Benyamin
Date: April 12th, 2008
Location: Sh'ma Yisrael - Brooklyn, NY
Subject: The Ordinance of Passover Part 1
Bible Chapter(s):  

Passover is an appointed season which the children of Israel are commanded to observe every year on the 14th day of the first month on the Hebrew calendar at dusk (Leviticus 23:5).  This month is called Abib (Exodus 13:4, 23:15, 34:18; Deuteronomy 16:1) and is the beginning of months for the children of Israel (Exodus 12:2).  Immediately following Passover is the Feast of Unleavened Bread which begins on the 15th day of Abib lasting seven (7) days concluding on the 21st day of Abib.

Both Passover and the Feast of Unleavened Bread commemorate the first Passover in Egypt and the subsequent Exodus from Egypt.  Passover was the night that God “passed over” Egypt slaying all firstborn from man to beast.  The service which is to be held regarding the lamb, unleavened bread and bitter herbs serves as a memorial of the events surrounding the Passover in Egypt.  The Feast of Unleavened Bread which follows is a reminder that the children of Israel left Egypt in haste insomuch that they were not able to allow their bread to rise and ate unleavened bread during the initial stages of the Exodus.  Exodus 11-13 explains explicitly this series of events.

This is a joyous occasion which connects God with the children of Israel and is a memorial of the “birth” of the nation.

With the Feast of Unleavened Bread come certain laws.  These include no eating of anything “leavened” (bread, cake or other baked goods) and the removal of “leavening” from houses (Exodus 12:15, 19-20).  The term “leavening” refers explicitly to bread. Leavening (ex: sourdough/yeast) can refer to any agent used to make bread rise. In modern-day translations the word “fermentation” is often used but does not apply itself in these passages.  However, ancient methods used to make bread using sourdough, barm and yeast do apply.

Based upon God’s Law and the state of modern processes Sh’ma Yisrael teaches its members to eat only fresh foods and ground foods during this season.  As a precaution canned foods, cheese, vinegar containing products, pastas and other flour products are also left alone.  The following are a list of ingredients which should be avoided as well.

Baker’s Ammonia (Ammonium Bicarbonate)
Baker’s Yeast
Baking Powder (Phosphate, Anhydrous Phosphate, Tartic Acid or Sodium Aluminum Sulfatephosphate)
Baking Soda (Sodium Bicarbonate)
Brewer’s Yeast
Cream of Tartar (Potassium Bitartrate, Tartic Acid)
Harts-Horn Powder (Ammonium Bicarbonate)
(Harts)horn Salt (Ammonium Bicarbonate)
Pearlash (Potassium Carbonate)
Potash (Potassium Bicarbonate) Saleratus (Sodium Bicarbonate)

Ammonium Carbonate
Ammonium Bicarbonate
Ammonium Phosphates
Calcium Phosphates (Mono, Di, Tri, Anhydrous)
Potassium Bicarbonate
Potassium Bitartrate
Potassium Carbonate
Sodium Acid Pyrophosphate
Sodium Acid Sulfate
Sodium Aluminum Phosphate
Sodium Bicarbonate
Sodium Phosphate (Moni, Di)
Tartic Acid

As mentioned before, this is a joyous season and not one which would be difficult to comply with.  The Feast of Unleavened Bread merely prohibits the eating of leavened bread.

Click here to download a PDF version of the above information.

Running Time: 41:59
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